Purpose of consultancy: To moderate two advocacy sessions with stakeholders, policy makers in Punjab / Sindh and two consultations with civil society in Punjab / Sindh.
Scope of Work:
Pakistan is the fifth youngest and sixth most populated country in the world, having 64% young people of an estimated 200m population. This large cohort of youth is seen as the beacon of prosperity capturing the demographic dividend in Pakistan yet, Pakistan currently ranks 22nd among the 54 commonwealth countries, against the Commonwealth Youth Index. Nevertheless, Pakistan has witnessed growing focus on youth development in recent years which is evident by the country’s adoption of the global sustainable development goals and various youth initiatives, reaffirming commitment to investing in youth as a development strategy.
It is a well-documented fact that in Pakistan young people have little or no knowledge or information regarding body development, paving way for misconceptions and fears regarding their reproductive health. With little or no information given at schools, young people’s primary source of information remains either mainstream media or social media. Furthermore, in majority of households, mothers usually lack the necessary knowledge to share with their daughters or are too shy to educate them.
With 21% of young girls being married off before the age of 18yrs i.e. one in three girls being married off before reaching the age of 18yrs, it is imperative to equip them with the necessary knowledge regarding their reproductive health, enabling them to at least make informed choices for themselves and their families. Providing young people, especially the adolescent group with sound foundation for healthy transition into adulthood, requires a multi sectoral integrated approach of education and health sector initiative to address the existing widening knowledge gap and fulfill the existing needs of the biggest cohort of Pakistan’s population.
Recognizing the importance of imparting the right knowledge and skills to deal with various life challenges impact the mental and physical wellbeing of young people and the choices they make in life, The Commission on Population and Development, in its Resolution 2012/1 on Adolescent and Youth calls upon governments to provide young people with evidence-based and comprehensive education on reproductive health, human rights, and gender equality. The rights to education and health are also embedded in many international agreements, including the Programme of Action of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development and the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Introduction to LSBE:
Life Skills Based Education is a rights-based and gender-focused approach, helping young people to explore and nurture positive values regarding their reproductive health. The modules include discussions about family life, relationships, culture, gender roles and also addresses human rights, gender equality and threats such as discrimination and inappropriate behavior.
The concept of LSBE focuses on Positive Youth Development(PYD), which is a perspective on adolescence that suggests that all young people possess the potential for positive, successful, and healthy development. Moreover, the LSBE’s teachings is based on the framework of Littles (1993) 4 C’s, boosting confidence, generating positive connections in the community, garnishing character and inculcating competitive edge through skills development. Taken together, these programmes help young people develop self-esteem and life skills that encourage critical thinking, clear communication, responsible decision-making and respectful behavior.
In Pakistan, the concept of introducing knowledge regarding reproductive health in schools was initiated in 2002 with EU funding. However, over the years the curriculum has been revised/adjusted a number of times, keeping the sensitivities of Pakistani society in mind, following a number of consultations with various stakeholders including religious scholars, public sector representatives and academia. The LSBE programme was scaled up few times horizontally, including more districts in Sindh, Baluchistan, KP, GB and Punjab. To-date, there is a clear lack of a more holistic approach to incorporate knowledge regarding reproductive health in provincial curriculum. There is no comprehensive consolidated curriculum incorporated in the mainstream educational system by any of the provinces so far, apart from Sindh. Sindh, has been the only province working actively on incorporation of LSBE in mainstream curricula. Young people and adolescent going to schools still has a chance to gain access to LSBE knowledge, whereas the out of school young people/ adolescent does not even have such an opportunity.
UNFPA’s Youth Programme - Pakistan:
UNFPA Pakistan, has adopted a comprehensive integrated approach to support the Government of Pakistan in fulfilling its national/international obligations and commitments towards working for the betterment and wellbeing of the youth of Pakistan. Under the current on-going 9th Country Program cycle (2018-2022), approved by EAD, UNFPA is mandated to work on SRHR, Adolescents and youth, gender equality, women’s empowerment, population and development. The programme is aligned with the Government of Pakistan Vision - 2025, Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals and Indicators - 2030, targets for Family Planning - 2020, National Symposium on Alarming Population Growth - 2018 and Prime Minister’s Youth Programme.
Youth Programme - Strategic Priorities:
§ Enable evidence-based advocacy for comprehensive policy and program development, investment and implementation;
§ Promote comprehensive reproductive health education;
§ Build capacity for reproductive health service delivery;
§ Take bold initiatives to reach marginalized and disadvantaged adolescents and youth, especially girls;
§ Promote youth leadership and participation
Duration and working schedule: Consultation will be spread across April – June 2019 for 15 days
Places where services are to be delivered: Hyderabad, Karachi, Lahore
Delivery dates and how work will be delivered: The key tasks of the consultant will include:
1. Inception meeting with the relevant team members to discuss the expectations.
2. Document review of the relevant material on LSBE and civil society, federal/ provincial government’s contributions/ achievements so far.
3. Develop presentations and workshop methodology for discussion and prepare concept note and agenda for the consultations
4. Prepare a detailed work plan in line with the deliverables given below.
Supervisory arrangements: Consultant will directly report to the Programme Analyst - Youth
Required expertise, qualifications and competencies, including language requirements:
1. Advanced university degree in Public Health, Social Sciences, Development Studies
2. At least 2-3-year experience of working with Federal/ Provincial government
3. Previous work experience of curriculum development in Pakistan is mandatory, while experience of working on LSBE curriculum development is desirable.
4. Should be fluent in English and National language, any Regional language proficiency is desirable.
5. Should possess effective communications skills.